- Luis E. Navia - Philosophy of Cynicism - Annotated Bibliography ().pdf
- Book Philosophy Of Cynicism. Annotated Bibliography 1995
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Luis E. Navia - Philosophy of Cynicism - Annotated Bibliography ().pdf
Crates of Thebes c. He is notable because he renounced a large fortune to live a life of Cynic poverty in Athens. There were many other Cynics in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, including Onesicritus who sailed with Alexander the Great to India , the skeptic Monimus , the moral satirists Bion of Borysthenes , the diatribist Teles and Menippus of Gadara.
However, with the rise of Stoicism in the 3rd century BC, Cynicism as a serious philosophical activity underwent a decline,   and it is not until the Roman era that Cynicism underwent a revival. There is little record of Cynicism in the 2nd or 1st centuries BC; Cicero c.
The rise of Imperial Rome , like the Greek loss of independence under Philip and Alexander three centuries earlier, may have led to a sense of powerlessness and frustration among many people, which allowed a philosophy which emphasized self-sufficiency and inner-happiness to flourish once again. In the 2nd century AD, Lucian, whilst pouring scorn on the Cynic philosopher Peregrinus Proteus ,  nevertheless praised his own Cynic teacher, Demonax , in a dialogue.
Cynicism came to be seen as an idealised form of Stoicism , a view which led Epictetus to eulogise the ideal Cynic in a lengthy discourse. Unlike Stoicism, which declined as an independent philosophy after the 2nd century AD, Cynicism seems to have thrived into the 4th century.
Some historians have noted the similarities between the teachings of Jesus and those of the Cynics.
Some scholars have argued that the Q document , a hypothetical common source for the gospels of Matthew and Luke , has strong similarities to the teachings of the Cynics. The city of Gadara , only a day's walk from Nazareth , was particularly notable as a centre of Cynic philosophy,  and Mack has described Jesus as a "rather normal Cynic-type figure.
Many of the ascetic practices of Cynicism may have been adopted by early Christians , and Christians often employed the same rhetorical methods as the Cynics. Christian writers would often praise Cynic poverty,  although they scorned Cynic shamelessness: Augustine stating that they had, "in violation of the modest instincts of men, boastfully proclaimed their unclean and shameless opinion, worthy indeed of dogs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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For modern use of the word for distrust of others' motives, see Cynicism contemporary. Main article: Antisthenes. Main article: Diogenes. Philosophy portal. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature , 2nd edition, p. Classical Cynicism: A Critical Study. Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Book Philosophy Of Cynicism. Annotated Bibliography 1995
History of the Human Sciences : July vol. Doyne Dawson, , Cities of the gods: communist utopias in Greek thought , page Gerald Downing, , Cynics and Christian Origins. Ostling, Who was Jesus? Gasco Lacalle, Cristianos y cinicos. Una tificacion del fenomeno cristiano durante el siglo II, pages — Memorias de Historia Antigua 7. Ancient Greek schools of philosophy. Cyrenaics Eretrian school Megarian school Peripateticism Platonism. Schools of thought. Mazdakism Zoroastrianism Zurvanism. Kyoto School Objectivism Postcritique Russian cosmism more Formalism Institutionalism Aesthetic response.
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- Luis E. Navia - Philosophy of Cynicism - Annotated Bibliography (1995).pdf.
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